Next Generation RivGen Power System: Kvichak River, AK Overwinter Ice Study

Abstract
The University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF) Alaska Hydrokinetic Energy Research Center was tasked with developing a real-time data telemetry / remote power generation system to monitor frazil ice conditions in the Kvichak River in support of the U.S. Department of Energy funded "Next Generation MHK River Power System Optimized for Performance, Durability and Survivability" project. A real-time telemetry system was requested because of the short time span between the end of the frazil ice season when the instruments would be recovered, limited vessel availability and the project end-date.

To meet the project objectives, UAF designed and assembled a remote power/real-time data telemetry system that included an auto start propane generator, a small PV array, a small battery bank and line-of-sight radios as well as two sonar systems to monitor river velocity and water column acoustic backscatter strength. Both sonars included internal batteries for powering the instruments in case of failure of the shore based power system. The sonars, deployed in ~5 m of water on the bed of the Kvichak River, adjacent to the Village of Igiugig, Alaska were tethered to shore via a waterproof armored cable that conveyed power to the subsurface instruments and data from the instruments to the shore based telemetry system. The instruments were programmed to record data internally as well as to transmit data serially over the cables to the shore based system.

The system was in-place between November, 2016 and June, 2017. While the real-time data telemetry system was not successful and the remote power generation power system was only partially successful, the system design included sufficient redundant power in the form of internal instrument batteries to enable the collection of nearly three months of overlapping velocity and backscatter data (from November through February) and a record of acoustic backscatter strength spanning the entire ~150 day frazil ice season between November, 2016 and ~April, 2017.

This submission includes the overwinter ice study plan, raw data, and report.
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Additional Info

DOE Project Name: Next Generation MHK River Power System Optimized for Performance, Durability and Survivability
DOE Project Number: EE0007348
DOE Project Lead: Rajesh Dham
DOI: 10.15473/1492960
Last Updated: 7 months ago
Oct
2017
Data from October, 2017
Submitted Oct 4, 2017

Igiugig Village Council

Contact

907.533.3211

Authors

Jeremy Kasper
University of Alaska Fairbanks
Paul Duvoy
University of Alaska Fairbanks
Nick Konefal
University of Alaska Fairbanks
Andrew Cannavo
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Keywords

MHK, Marine, Hydrokinetic, energy, power, ice, winter, Kvichak River, Alaska, Igiugig, sea spider, fiberglass tripod, turbine, frazil, ADCP, SWIP, river, monitoring, study, conditions, environment, acoustic doppler current profiler, study plan, equipment, data collection, plan, current, AK, horizontal, axis, axial, shallow, bottom mounted, RivGen, telemetry, remote, system, performance, durability, survivability, real-time, acoustic, doppler, profiler

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