Reference Model 1: Tidal Current Turbine - Cost & Economic Assessment Tabular Data


The Reference Model Project (RMP), sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), was a partnered effort to develop open-source MHK point designs as reference models (RMs) to benchmark MHK technology performance and costs, and an open-source methodology for design and analysis of MHK technologies, including models for estimating their capital costs, operational costs, and levelized costs of energy. The point designs also served as open-source test articles for university researchers and commercial technology developers. The RMP project team, led by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), included a partnership between DOE, three national laboratories, including the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the Applied Research Laboratory of Penn State University, and Re Vision Consulting.

Reference Model 1 (RM1) is a dual variable-speed variable-pitch (VSVP) axial-flow tidal turbine device, designed for the Tacoma Narrows tidal current energy resource site in Puget Sound, Washington. RM1 comprises a monopile foundation and a crossarm assembly to mount the two rotors. The cross-arm assembly is nearly neutrally buoyant so the attached rotors can be recovered and redeployed with a minimal amount of lifting crane capacity; therefore, the design minimizes the handling requirements during deployment and recovery, which reduces overall cost in all O&M activities including access to the power conversion chain (PCC).

This submission includes the spreadsheets with cost breakdown structures for calculating the LCOE for a single RM1 device and multiple unit arrays.

2 Resources

Related Datasets

Datasets associated with the same DOE project
  Submission Name Resources Submitted Status

Additional Info

DOE Project Name: Reference Model Project
DOE Project Lead: Jeff Rieks
Last Updated: 2 months ago
Data from August, 2012
Submission in progress


Sandia National Laboratories



In progress License 


Vincent Neary
Sandia National Laboratories


Reference Model, RM1, tidal energy, marine energy, tidal turbine, LCOE, MHK, Marine, Hydrokinetic, energy, power, tide, axial-flow turbine


Export Citation to RIS
Submission Downloads