Reference Model 2: River Current Turbine - Cost & Economic Assessment Tabular Data


The Reference Model Project (RMP), sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), was a partnered effort to develop open-source MHK point designs as reference models (RMs) to benchmark MHK technology performance and costs, and an open-source methodology for design and analysis of MHK technologies, including models for estimating their capital costs, operational costs, and levelized costs of energy. The point designs also served as open-source test articles for university researchers and commercial technology developers. The RMP project team, led by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), included a partnership between DOE, three national laboratories, including the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the Applied Research Laboratory of Penn State University, and Re Vision Consulting.

Reference Model 2 (RM2) is a variable speed dual-rotor cross-flow river turbine that is deployed at the water?s surface. It was designed for deployment at a reference site modeled after a reach in the Mississippi River near Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The rotors are anchored to a two-pontoon vessel platform. Surface deployment of the turbine minimizes the handling requirements during deployment and recovery and reduces overall costs for all O&M activities, including allowing for easy access to the power conversion chain (PCC). The design (two rotors per platform) also reduces the environmental footprint and associated environmental compliance costs.

This submission includes the spreadsheets with cost breakdown structures for calculating the LCOE for a single RM2 device and multiple unit arrays.

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Additional Info

DOE Project Name: Reference Model Project
DOE Project Lead: Jeff Rieks
Last Updated: 2 months ago
Data from August, 2012
Submission in progress


Sandia National Laboratories



In progress License 


Vincent Neary
Sandia National Laboratories


MHK, Marine, Hydrokinetic, energy, power, river, river current turbine, Reference Model, RM2, LCOE, current energy, CEC, cross-flow turbine


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